1405 (+) 210th Pope Pius II originally Enea Silvio Piccolomini, is born in Corsignano, Italy.
1417 (-) 205th Pope Gregorius XII originally Angelo Corrario, dies in Rome, Italy.
1503 (-) 215th Pope Pius III originally Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini, dies of an ulcer in his leg at the age of 64 in Rome, Vatican City, Italy.
Some sources say he was poisoned.
1777 (+) Poet, dramatist and writer Heinrich Bernd Wilhelm von Kleist is born in Frankfurt-an-der-Oder, Germany.
1851 (x) The novel "Moby Dick" by 32-year-old Writer Herman Melville is first published as "The Whale" by Richard Bentley in London, United Kingdom.
1898 (+) Actress Lotte Lenya originally Karoline Wilhelmine Blamauer, is born in Wien, Austria.
1920 (+) Musician and politician Melina Mercouri is born in Athens, Greece.
1926 (+) Actor Klaus Kinski originally Nikolausz Gunther Nakszynski, is born in Zoppot, Poland.
1926 (+) Musician Chuck Charles Edward Anderson Berry is born in St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
1927 (+) Serial Killer Zdzislaw Marchwicki aka The Wampir, is born in Bedzinie, Poland.
1931 (-) Inventor Thomas Alva Edison dies at the age of 84 in West Orange, New Jersey, USA.
1939 (+) Assassin Lee Harvey Oswald aka The Man Who Shot J.F. Kennedy, is born in New Orleans, Old French Hospital, Louisiana, USA.
1944 (+) Cop Killer Barry Peter Prudom is born in the United Kingdom.
1947 (+) Leader of the Organisation Internationale Chevaleresque, Tradition Solaire, Luc Jouret is born in Kikwit, Zaïre.
1957 (+) Mass Murderer James Dean Clark is born in Arizona, USA.
1960 (+) Actor Jean-Claude Van Damme is born in Belgium.
1960 (+) Murderer Jess James Gillies is born in Arizona, USA.
1971 (x) 67-year-old USSR-prime minister Alexej Kosygin is attacked by an unidentified demonstrator in Ottawa, Canadian Parliament, Canada.
1974 (-) Melissa Smith is abducted and killed by Ted Bundy aka The Only Living Witness, at the age of 17 in Salt Lake City, Midvale, Utah, USA.
1977 (+) Triple murderer Lamont Reese is born in Texas, USA.
1977 (-) Founding member of the Rote Armee Fraktion Andreas Bernd Baader commits suicide by a shot in the head with a FEG 7.65 pistol at the age of 34 in Stuttgart, Stammheim Prison, cell 719, Germany.
1977 (-) Founding member of the Rote Armee Fraktion Jan-Carl Raspe commits suicide by a shot in the head with a Heckler & Koch 9mm pistol at the age of 33 in Stuttgart, Stammheim Prison, cell 716, Germany.
He was alive when guards found him in the morning but died in the hospital.
1977 (-) Founding member of the Rote Armee Fraktion Gudrun Ensslin commits suicide by hanging with a length of speaker cable at the age of 37 in Stuttgart, Stammheim Prison, cell 720, Germany.
1977 (x) 30-year-old Rote Armee Fraktion member Irmgard Möller stabbs herself four times in the heart region with a pair of scissors in Stuttgart, Stammheim Prison, cell 725, Germany.
1977 (-) President of the German Employers’ Association Hanns Martin Schleyer is executed after being held prisoner of the Baader-Meinhof -Gruppe RAF-commando Siegfried Hausner for 44 days at the age of 62 in Mulhouse, France.
1978 (-) Assassin of Leon Trotsky, Ramón del Rio Hernández Mercader aka Jacques Mornard aka Frank Jacson, dies at the age of 64 in Havana, Cuba.
1985 (-) ANC-militant Benjamin Moloise is executed by hanging at the age of 30 in South Africa.
1991 (-) Murderer Michael McDougall is executed by lethal injection at the age of 36 in Raleigh State Prison, North Carolina, USA.
1991 (-) Murderer G. W. Green is executed by lethal injection in Huntsville, Texas, USA.
2004 (-) Tamil Bandit Koose Muniswamy Veerappan is lured into an ambush by the Tamil Nadu State Special Task Force and gunned down at the age of 52 in Paparapatti, Dharmapuri, India.