1590 (-) 228th Pope Urbanus VII originally Giovanni Battista Castagna, dies of malaria at the age of 69 in Rome, Italy.
He was the shortest reigning (13 days) Pope.
1700 (-) 242nd Pope Innocentus XII originally Antonio Pignatelli, dies at the age of 85 in Rome, Italy.
1854 (x) 300 Die in Arctic steamer shipwreck in the Atlantic Ocean.
1913 (+) Behavioral Therapist Albert Ellis is born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
1917 (-) Artist Edgar Hilaire Germain Degas dies at the age of 83 in Paris, France.
1920 (+) Actor William Conrad originally William Cann aka Cannon, is born in Louisville, Kentucky, USA.
1920 (+) General Carlo Alberto Della Chiese Prefect of Palermo, is born in Saluzzo, Italy.
1922 (+) Filmmaker Arthur Penn is born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
1927 (-) Police constable George William Gutteridge is shot dead and his eyes blown out by Frederick Browne and William Kennedy in Essex, United Kingdom.
1933 (+) The World’s Youngest Mother Lina Medina is born in Ticrapo, Peru.
1938 (+) Artist Günter Brus the Viennese Actionist, is born in Ardning, Austria.
1940 (-) Philiospher Walter Bendix Schönflies Benjamin commits suicide by morphine poisoning at the age of 48 in Port Bou, Spain.
A fierce critic of Nazism, he was on the run for the Gestapo.
1942 (+) Musician Alvin Stardust originally Bernard William Jewry, is born in London, Muswell Hill, United Kingdom.
1944 (-) The world’s most pulchritudinous evangelist Aimée Semple McPherson originally Aimée Elisabeth Kennedy aka Sister Aimée, commits suicide by an overdose of sleeping-pills at the age of 54 in Oakland, California, USA.
1952 (-) Karl Lehmann is poisoned by Christa Lehmann aka the Mass Poisoner of Worms, in Worms, Germany.
1961 (-) Poet Hilda Doolittle aka H. D., dies of the effects of a stroke at the age of 75 in Zurich, Klinik Hirslanden, Switzerland.
1965 (-) Actress Clara Gordon Bow aka The It Girl, dies of a heart attack at the age of 60 in Los Angeles, California, USA.
1969 (-) Brian Hartnell is stabbed to death as fifth and sixth victims by Zodiac in Lake Berryessa, California, USA.
1974 (x) 26-year-old Manson Family-member Susan Denise Atkins aka Sadie Mae Glutz, has a religious vision of Jesus in her cell and becomes a born-again christian in Frontera, California Institute for Women, California, USA.
1975 (x) 3 FRAP and 2 ETA-members are executed by the firing-squad for the murders of 4 policemen in Spain.
1980 (x) 21-year-old Performance artist Danny Devos aka DDV, performs "This Week I Was Beaten Up - 1" and "Eternity Forever - 1" with The Simpletones in Den Bosch, Willem II Fabriek, the Netherlands.
1982 (x) Serial Killer Daniël Baron aka The Triangle of Death Killer, is arrested in Berck, France.
2000 (-) Murderer Rickey Nolen McGinn is executed by lethal injection in Huntsville Prison, Texas, USA.