1442 (+) King of England Edward IV is born in Rouen, Normandy, France.
1758 (+) 4th president of the USA James Monroe is born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, USA.
1770 (x) 41-year-old Explorer Captain James Cook lands on Botany Bay in Australia.
1882 (-) Murderer George Henry Lamson is executed by hanging at the age of 29 in London, Wandsworth Prison, United Kingdom.
1889 (+) Prime minister Antonio De Oliveira Salazar is born in Santa Comba Dao, Portugal.
1906 (+) Victim of Fritz Haarmann, Der Hannover Werwolf, Adolf Hannapel is born in Düsseldorf, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany.
1912 (-) Gangster Jules Bonnot is riddled with bullets in a police-siege at the age of 35 in Choisy-le-Roi, Dubois Garage, France.
1914 (x) 183 Die in coal-mine explosion in Eccles, USA.
1916 (+) Car designer Ferrucio Elio Arturo Lamborghini is born in Renazzo di Cento, Ferrara, Emilia Romagna, Italy.
1918 (-) Assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria Gavrilo Princip dies of tuberculosis at the age of 23 in Terezin, Czechoslowakia.
1919 (x) 39-year-old Serial Killer Fritz Friedrich Heinrich Karl Haarmann aka Der Hannover Werwolf, is sentenced to 9 months imprisonment for insulting Friedel Rothe, who he presumably killed in the meantime in Hannover, Germany.
1924 (x) 119 Die in coal-mine explosion in Benwood, USA.
1928 (+) Artist Yves Klein is born in Nice, France.
1929 (-) British eccentric painter Edith May Olive Branson is shot dead by persons unknown in Les Baux, France.
1937 (+) Ruler of Iraq Saddam Hussein is born in Al-Awja, Iraq.
1939 (-) Murderer James Bailey aka Archie Lee Short, is executed by the Gas Chamber at the age of 27 in State Prison, Florence, Arizona, USA.
1940 (x) 39-year-old Commander of the Auschwitz concentration-camp Rudolf Ferdinand Höss is installed in Auschwitz, Poland.
1943 (+) Musician and actor Jacques Dutronc is born in Paris, France.
1945 (-) Fascist leader Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini aka Il Duce, is executed by the Firing Squad at the age of 61 in Dongo, Italy.
His mistress, Claretta Pettaci is also executed.
1950 (+) TV-host Jay Leno is born in New Rochelle, New York, USA.
1957 (+) Actress Michelle Pfeiffer is born in Santa Ana, California, USA.
1961 (+) Serial killer Futoshi Matsunaga is born in Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, Japan.
1974 (-) Stripper Johanna Nilsen is killed by a lion during a striptease-act in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
1976 (-) Serial Killer Jürgen Bartsch aka Der Kirmesmörder, dies of heart-failure at the age of 29 in Eickelsborn, Germany.
He was under surgery for a full castration, which was to free him from his compulsive sexual urges.
1977 (x) The leaders of the Baader-Meinhof-Gruppe Rote Armee Fraktion, Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin and Jan-Carl Raspe are sentenced to life-imprisonment for four murders and over 30 attempted murders in Stuttgart, Stammheim Prison, Germany.
1992 (-) Artist Francis Bacon dies of a heart attack at the age of 82 in Madrid, Spain.
1992 (x) The grave of 67-year-old Actor Benny Hill originally Alfie Hill, is robbed following rumours that he was buried with large amounts of gold jewellery in Southampton, Hollybrook Cemetary, United Kingdom.
1996 (x) 28-year-old Mass murderer Martin John Bryant kills 35 people in a shooting-spree in a tourist-resort in Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia.
1999 (-) Murderer Aaron Foust is executed by lethal injection in Huntsville Prison, Texas, USA.