1584 (-) Grand Prince Ivan IV Vasilyevich aka Ivan the Terrible, dies of mercury poisoning at the age of 53 in Moscow, USSR.
1849 (-) Priest and botanist Stephan L. Endlicher dies at the age of 44 in Vienna, Austria.
He formulated a major system of plant classification.
1868 (+) Writer Maxim Alexey Maksimowitsch Peshkow Gorky is born in Nizhni now Gorky, Novgorod, Russia.
1881 (-) Composer Modest Petrowitsch Mussorgsky dies of a seizure at the age of 42 in St. Petersburg, Russia.
1920 (+) Actor Dirk Bogarde is born in London, Hampstead, United Kingdom.
1924 (+) Writer Gerhart Fritsch is born in Vienna, Austria.
1941 (-) Writer Virginia Adeline Woolf commits suicide by drowning at the age of 59 in Rodmell, Sussex, United Kingdom.
"I feel certain that I am going mad again: I feel we can't go through another of those terrible times. And I shan't recover this time. I begin to hear voices, and can't concentrate. So I am doing what seems the best thing to do. You have given me the greatest possible happiness... I can't fight it any longer, I know that I am spoiling your life, that without me you could work"
1942 (+) Soldier Conrad Hans Schumann aka The First Man to Jump the Berlin Wall, is born in Leutewitz, Germany.
1943 (-) Composer Sergey Vassiljewitsch Rachmaninov dies at the age of 70 in Beverly Hills, California, USA.
1953 (+) PFLP member Souhalia Andrawes aka Soraya Ansari, is born in Hadath, Lebanon.
1954 (+) Psychotic Murderer and rapist Morris Odell Mason aka The Killer for the Eastern Shore, is born in Virginia, USA.
1958 (+) Wrestler and bodybuilder Curt Hennig aka Mr Perfect, is born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
"I am the greatest wrestler, the greatest athlete the state of Minnesota has ever produced."
1968 (+) Historian and author Iris Chang is born in Princeton, New Jersey, USA.
1969 (-) 34th president of the USA Dwight David Eisenhower aka Ike, dies of a heart attack at the age of 78 in Washington, District Columbia, USA.
1972 (-) Linda Ohlig is presumably strangled and beaten to death by Zodiac at the age of 19 in Half Moon Bay, California, USA.
1977 (-) Sylvia Lauterbach is beaten to death by Bernd Bopp aka The Hammer Murderer, at the age of 23 in Mainz, Germany.
1979 (x) The cooling-system of a nuclear plant fails and an explosion is prevented on the limit in Harrisburg, USA.
1980 (-) Marsha Weatter is presumably assaulted and shot dead by Randy Woodfield aka The I-5 Killer, at the age of 19 in Spokane, Washington, USA.
1982 (-) Composer Carl Orff dies at the age of 86 in München, Germany.
1985 (-) Artist Marc Chagall originally Moishe Shagal, dies at the age of 97 in Saint-Paul de Vence, France.
1994 (-) Writer Eugene Ionesco dies at the age of 84 in Paris, France.
2007 (-) Murderer Vin Gutierrez is executed by lethal injection in Texas, USA.