1649 (+) 245th Pope Benedictus XIII originally Pietro Francesco Orsini, is born in Gravina, Puglio, Italy.
1732 (+) 1st president of the USA George Washington is born in Bridges Creek, Virginia, USA.
1788 (+) Philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer is born in Sztutowo, Poland.
1807 (-) Murderers John Holloway, Owen Haggerty and Elisabeth Godfrey are executed by hanging in London, outside Newgate Prison, United Kingdom.
In the crowd of nearly 40.000 spectators over 100 were trampled to death, and many more injured.
1810 (+) Composer Frédéric Chopin is born in Zelazowa Wola, Poland.
1884 (+) Writer, journalist, occultist and explorer William Seabrook aka The White Cannibal of New York, is born in Westminster, Maryland, USA.
1896 (+) Poet Paul Van Ostaijen aka Mister 1830, is born in Antwerpen, Antwerp, Belgium.
1899 (+) Actor in many Universal horror movies Dwight Fry is born in Salina, Kansas, USA.
1900 (+) Filmmaker Luis Bunuel known from “Un Chien Andalou”, is born in Calanda, Spain.
1915 (x) 70-year-old Actress Sarah Bernhardt has her right leg amputated in the United Kingdom.
1921 (+) Military Ruler Jean Bokassa is born in Bobangi, Moyen-Congo.
1928 (+) Founder of the Nation of Gods and Earths Clarence 13X originally Clarence Smith aka The Father, is born in Danville, Virginia, USA.
1942 (-) Writer Stefan Zweig commits suicide by an overdose of Veronal at the age of 60 in Rio de Janeiro, Petropolis, Brazil.
His girlfriend Lotte joins him in death.
1942 (x) The first ‘low-pressure’ experiments are carried out on prisoners of war by 61-year-old Nazi-doctor and aeronautic experimentor Hans August Rascher in Dachau-KZ, Germany.
1942 (+) Model and showgirl Christine Keeler known from the Profumo Affair, is born in Uxbridge, Middlesex, United Kingdom.
1943 (-) Leader of The White Rose resistance group Sophie Scholl is executed by the Guillotine at the age of 21 in München, Stadelheim Prison, Germany.
Her brother Hans and their friend Christoph Probst were also executed, convicted of high treason after having been found distributing anti-war leaflets at the University of Munich.
1944 (+) Filmmaker Jonathan Demme is born in Baldwin, New York, USA.
1950 (+) Musician Genesis P-Orridge originally Neil Andrew Megson, is born in Manchester, United Kingdom.
1950 (+) Actress Sylvette Herry aka Miou-Miou, is born in Paris, France.
1952 (+) RAF 2nd Generation member Werner Lotze is born in Mühlheim-an-den-Ruhr, Germany.
1953 (+) National Hero Romas Kalanta aka The Young Man with the Mesmerizing Eyes, is born in Kaunas, Lithuania.
1960 (x) 123 Die in coal-mine explosion in Zwickau, Germany.
1968 (-) Patricia Docker is strangled by The Bible John Killer at the age of 25 in Glasgow, United Kingdom.
1973 (x) Over 200 Die in ferry and freighter collision in Rangoon, Birma.
1974 (x) 23-year-old Serial Killer Randy Woodfield aka The I-5 Killer, is arrested and charged with public indecency in Portland, Oregon, USA.
1974 (-) Would-be Assassin of President Richard Nixon Samuel Byck commits suicide by a shot in the head at the age of 44 in Baltimore/Washington International Airport, Maryland, USA.
He attempted to hijack the Delta Air Lines Flight 523 DC-9 to Atlanta and crash it into the White House. Two people died in a shootout before he shot himself.
1984 (-) Marta Rjabenko is stabbed to death and her nipples and uterus cut away by Andrej Tsjikatilo aka The Rostow Ripper, in Rostow, Fliegerpark, Russia.
1987 (-) Artist and filmmaker Andy Warhol aka The Pope of Pop, dies of a heart-attack at the age of 59 in New York, New York, USA.
He died in his sleep after recovering from a gall-operation.
2007 (-) Double murderer Newton Anderson is executed by lethal injection in Huntsville Prison, Texas, USA.