1513 (-) 216th Pope Julius II originally Giuliano Della Rovere, dies at the age of 60 in Rome, Italy.
1677 (-) Philosopher Baruch de Spinoza dies at the age of 44 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
1848 (x) Economist Karl Marx and Philosopher Friedrich Engels publish the Communist Manifesto in London, United Kingdom.
1876 (+) Artist Constantin Brancusi is born in Pestiani, Goj, Romania.
1903 (+) Erotic writer Anaïs Nin originally Angela Anaïs Juana Antolina Rosa Edelmira Nin y Culmell, is born in Neuilly, France.
1907 (x) 142 Die in SS Berlin shipwreck in Hoek van Holland, the Netherlands.
1910 (+) Supreme Maffia-boss Carmine Galante aka Lillo the Cigar, is born in New York, New York, USA.
1925 (+) Filmmaker Sam Peckinpah aka The Picasso of Violence, is born in Fresno, California, USA.
1925 (x) Inauguration of a monument in memory of the victims of Serial Killer Fritz Haarmann aka Der Hannover Werwolf, in Hannover, Stocken-cemetary Abteilung 49D/189-192, Germany.
1925 (+) Cop Killer Ronald Ryan is born in Carlton, Victoria, Australia.
1930 (-) Murderess Eva Dugan is executed by hanging at the age of 52 in State Prison, Florence, Arizona, USA.
She was the only woman ever executed in Arizona. In a gruesome footnote, her body separated from her head, which rolled at the feet of the spectators.
1933 (+) Musician Nina Simone is born in Tyron, North Carolina, USA.
1944 (+) Poet Herman De Coninck is born in Mechelen, Antwerp, Belgium.
1965 (-) Revolutionary leader Malcolm X originally Malcolm Little aka El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, is shot in the chest with a sawed-off shotgun at the age of 39 in Manhattan, Audubon Ballroom,, New York, USA.
1972 (x) Eight members of the Baader-Meinhof-Gruppe Rote Armee Fraktion, rob the Hypo-Bank of 285.000 marks in Ludwigshafen, Germany.
1973 (x) 108 Die in Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 Boeing 727-224 crash in the Sinaï Desert.
The plane was shot down by Israeli Jet-fighters.
1995 (-) Murderer Samual Hawkins is executed by lethal injection in Huntsville Prison, Texas, USA.